Friday, November 13, 2009

Important Artists(Magazine and Ads) 1900-20s

Winslow Homer: Feb 24, 1836 – Sept 29, 1910
-watercolor and lithography
-trained in Boston, moved to New York in 1859
-famous for Civil War illustrations pub in Harper's Weekly
-after known as landscape painter, showed relationship between man and nature(even when there wasn't a figure in the composition)
-When to Paris in1867, influenced by Japanese prints: strong composition, bold brush strokes
-moved to English fishing village of Tynemouth, work became darker
(Oxford Art Online)

Joseph Pennell: July 4, 1857 – April 23, 1926
-attended evening classes at the Pennsylvania School of Industrial Art, later the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, very outspoken = never graduated
-1880 he opened his own studio
-first published work appeared in Scribner’s Monthly in July 1881
-famous for drawings of American cites
-Began doing etchings
-1913-17 traveled, WWI battle sites
-after moved back to NY and started teaching
(Oxford Art Online)

Frederic Remington:Oct 4, 1861 – Dec 26, 1909
-born in Canton, NY, and studied at School of Fine Art at Yale University (1878–80)
-1881: traveled Dakotas, Montana, Arizona, and Texas, sketched frontier life and finished it when he got back to NY
-sold his first drawing to Harper's Weekly in 1882
-illustrated books and magazines, his own short stories
-famous for Wild West illustrations-based on life
-also did some in sculpture(figurines)
(Oxford Art Online)

Charles Dana Gibson: Sept 14, 1867 – Dec 23, 1944
-Started at Arts Student League, quit finical reasons
-sold 1st illustration to Life mag in 1886
-began to use the pen more, eventually his technique became more flexible, used longer stroke
-new process of photomechanical engraving = pen drawings were more easily reproduced in print
-“Gibson Girl” & “Gibson Man” term coined, girl especially popular, were young and good looking, serene, secure, fashionable, remote, but not too distant, were an ideal that the rapidly expanding middle class could reach for
-WWI made propaganda, but never regained same popularity in newly disillusioned world
Pitz, Henry. The Gibson Girl and Her America, (New York: Dover Publications, 1969)

William H. Bradley: July 10, 1868 – 1962

J. C. Leyendecker: March 23, 1874 – July 25, 1951

Harrison Fisher:1877-1934

James Montgomery Flagg: June 18, 1877 – May 27, 1960
-sold first drawing to children's magazine St. Nicholas when he was 12
-after 1892 pub in many popular magazines, and his illustrations were collected into books
-also did fine art portraits, but was most known for commercial work
-most famous for “I Want You” Uncle Sam poster first used in WWI
(Encyclopedia Britannica Online)

Coles Phillips: 1880 – June 13, 1927

Lucian Bernhard: March 15, 1883 – May 29, 1972

Norman Rockwell: Feb 3, 1894 – Nov 8, 1978
-studied at the Chase Art School, the National Academy of Art, and the Art Students' League, all in NY, also studied in Paris
-began working at Saturday Evening Post in 1916
-also did illustrations for corporate calendars and youth magazines(St Nicholas, Youth’s Companion, American Boy )
-captured spirit of middle class America, but was dismissed by “highbrow” artists and critics
-technique: loose idea sketch of the idea, set up then models, costumes, background and props, make individual drawings of parts or photograph everything(starting in the 30s), full-scale detailed drawing, color sketches, final painting
-1963 went to work at Look magazine, illustrations dealt with political themes of 60s, ex. racial segregation
-Famous: Rosie the Riveter
(Oxford Art Online)

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